Designing the questionnaires are tricky as it requires a lot of brainstorming by the researcher to ask relevant questions from the respondents. Whether a researcher chooses to conduct a qualitative research or a quantitative research, the scholar has to be cautious with the types of questions he asks. The set of questions can be either asked online, offline, through post or any medium that provides the answers to the questions. There are few things to be taken care while designing the questions :
When a master’s student designs a questionnaire, he may not make it perfect and result oriented. The complete research is based on the answers provided by the respondents, and so the questions have to be precise to fetch the required results. The questions could be open-ended or close-ended, depending on the nature of the research and on the basis of the previously conducted researches. However, there are specific tips from our experts to help you in the designing of the questionnaire.
The questionnaire is depended on the type of research that is being conducted, which depicts the types of questions. The type of the research and the questions are more so based on the proposed methodology mentioned in the proposal. While the types of questions may vary, the structure will be same consistently.
Using the simple and general vocabulary in the questions will make it easier for the respondents to provide the answer. If the researcher uses the technical terms or jargons from his subject, the respondent may not understand the terms and skip the question, or may even give up on answering the questionnaire on the whole.
While most of the respondent wouldn’t have time to answer the questions, they would have liked if the questions would have been shorter. Longer questions take their time in understanding the terms, concepts, and the questions whereas the shorter questions take lesser time for them to answer the same thing.
Avoid the questions that leads to another question, the only thing that the questions should be leading to should be the required result. Avoid putting the respondent in hypothetical situations where he may lost track of his thinking and fail to answer the next question because a posted or an online questionnaire may not be answered in the moment.
The questions should go around the central problem of the research. Each question should contribute to the research and help in finding the solution to the central problem. Relate the questions of your questionnaire to the central problem with a sense of understanding for the respondent to relate to the over all research.
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